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Review of surface coal mining emission factors. Interim ...

1991-7-11  OSTI.GOV Technical Report: Review of surface coal mining emission factors. Interim report

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AP-42 11.9 Western Surface Coal Mining

2015-9-10  measured emission factor data base for western surface coal mines. The objective of this work assignment was to incorporate the results of those studies in the AP-42 Section 11.9 on western surface coal mining. The remainder of this report is structured as

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U.S. Surface Mines Emissions Assessment

2021-6-25  emissions estimation methodology through a review of the current information used to ... Emission factors for surface mined coal were developed from the . in situ . ... (1993), surface mining emission factors were estimated to be from 1 to 3 times the average .

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China's CH4 emissions from coal mining: A review of ...

2020-7-10  The average EFs of the underground mining and post underground mining are in the range of 6.87–11.00 m 3 /t and 0.90–1.72 m 3 /t, respectively. Most studies adopted the default values from IPCC to represent the EFs of the surface mining. Only Zhu et al. (2017) replaced it with the EFs of low CH 4 -content coal mines.

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AP 42 Section 11.9 Western Surface Coal Mining - Related ...

2018-11-19  This file is the Intro, background, recommendations and revisions for AP 42 Section 11.9, Western Surface Coal Mining. It is in WordPerfect 8 format. b11s09-b.wpd: EPA report "REVIEW OF SURFACE COAL MINING EMISSION FACTORS" EPA-454/R-95-007, July 1991 in WordPerfect 8 format. b11s09-c.wpd

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AP 42 11.9 Western Surface Coal Mining

2021-6-25  emissions estimate is needed are very similar to those of the mine for which the emission factor was developed. The other (nonspecific) emission factors were developed at a variety of mine types and thus are applicable to any western surface coal mine. As an alternative to the single valued emission factors given in Table 11.9-4 for train or truck

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Impact of greenhouse gases on surface coal mining in ...

2018-8-20  Coal ore extraction involves both surface (open-pit) and underground mining techniques. The method selected depends on a variety of factors, including the nature and location of the deposit, size, depth, and grade of the deposit (Norgate and Haque, 2010).Surface mining operates in two distinct stages, overburden removal and coal extraction, as well as the recovery of the mined area.

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Impacts of Coal mining: a Review of Methods and

2017-12-1  The removal and processing of coal at the mining site and its transportation to a power station distresses the environment. 2 Various methods have been used to assess the impacts of coal on human health and the environment during its complete life cycle. 3 The external costs of coal mining and transportation have also been attempted in a number ...

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A high-resolution gridded inventory of coal mine

2021-7-23  the emissions from each coal mine using country- specific measured emission factors. For Australia, we estimate the emission for each coal mine by distributing the state-level reported total emissions using proxies of coal production and -specific the coal basingas content profile of

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Development of Emission Factors for Quantification of ...

2013-12-24  Chakraborty et al. [16] developed emission rates for var- ious surface coal mining activities except blasting. Ghose [17] calculated emission factors for different operations of the surface coal mine but he has not reported dust emission for blasting. 2.4.1. Remarks from the Overview It is found that different countries have adopted different

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Carbon Dioxide Emission Factors for Coal

2020-1-14  Carbon Dioxide Emission Factors by Coal Rank and State of Origin. The (arithmetic) average emission factors obtained from the individual samples (assuming complete combustion) (Table FE4) (10) confirm the long-recognized finding that anthracite emits the largest amount of carbon dioxide per million Btu, followed by lignite, subbituminous coal, and bituminous coal.

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Estimating methane emissions from coal mines - Global ...

2021-4-29  While the study used 1.7 for projecting future emissions, the study's underlying data documented a current global average of 1.6 for hard coal underground mines and 1.5 for hard coal surface mines. Using these emission factors, the Model for Calculating Coal Mine Methane (MC2M) found global gas content ranged between 13 and 18 meters per metric ...

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PM emissions due to storage in coal piles in a mining ...

2016-6-28  In surface coal mining it is common practice to store coal in large piles. The piles, usually worked by bulldozers, are subject to wind erosion causing emission of PM10 and TSP. PM10 particles are associated with impacts to public health. Research has shown coincidences between persons living near coal mining sites

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Strategies to Reduce GHG Emissions from Coal Mines: A ...

2020-12-13  annual permits required for GHG emissions from coal mining operations. • Free permits to Emission intensive trade exposed (EITE) Industries. Coal mining Industry excluded from EITE assistance • Scheme incorporated Coal Mining Abatement fund ($250 Million) and Coal Mining transitional Assistance fund for ($ 500 Million) in 5 years.

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Carbon Monoxide Poisoning at a Surface Coal Mine A

2007-3-1  Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania ... Initially the furnace was blamed but after further review, blasting at a nearby coal mine was determined to be the source. All other sources of carbon monoxide were ruled out. The blasting was about 400 f eet from the house. ... factors that increase fume ...

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Impacts of Coal mining: a Review of Methods and

2017-12-1  The removal and processing of coal at the mining site and its transportation to a power station distresses the environment. 2 Various methods have been used to assess the impacts of coal on human health and the environment during its complete life cycle. 3 The external costs of coal mining and transportation have also been attempted in a number ...

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(PDF) Air pollutants emission estimation from mining ...

NERDDC (1988), Air Pollution from Surface Coal Mining: Volume 2 Emission Factors and Model Refinement, National Energy Research and Demonstration Council, Project 921. Air Pollution Engineering Manual

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Carbon emission assessment and control measures for

2020-9-26  Carbon emissions’ accounting boundaries. The primary task of life cycle analysis is to determine the scope of system boundaries. Starting from the whole life cycle of coal mining, this paper analyzes all activities related to greenhouse gas emissions and divides all emission activities into three categories according to emissions methods: energy consumption emissions, direct emissions, and ...

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Coal Mining and Production - MIGA

2018-8-5  Coal Mining and Production 342 Loads Per Unit of Production* Parameter Surface mining (t/1000t coal produced) Underground mining (t/1000t coal produced) Mining Techniques Contour Area Conventional Longwall Liquid effluents 0.24 1.2 1 1.6 Solid waste 10 10 3 5 Dust 0.1 0.06 0.006 0.01 Source: Based on Edgar, 1983

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Carbon Dioxide Emission Factors for Coal

2020-1-14  Carbon Dioxide Emission Factors by Coal Rank and State of Origin. The (arithmetic) average emission factors obtained from the individual samples (assuming complete combustion) (Table FE4) (10) confirm the long-recognized finding that anthracite emits the largest amount of carbon dioxide per million Btu, followed by lignite, subbituminous coal, and bituminous coal.

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PM emissions due to storage in coal piles in a mining ...

2016-6-28  In surface coal mining it is common practice to store coal in large piles. The piles, usually worked by bulldozers, are subject to wind erosion causing emission of PM10 and TSP. PM10 particles are associated with impacts to public health. Research has shown coincidences

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Strategies to Reduce GHG Emissions from Coal Mines: A ...

2020-12-13  annual permits required for GHG emissions from coal mining operations. • Free permits to Emission intensive trade exposed (EITE) Industries. Coal mining Industry excluded from EITE assistance • Scheme incorporated Coal Mining Abatement fund ($250 Million) and Coal Mining transitional Assistance fund for ($ 500 Million) in 5 years.

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Carbon Monoxide Poisoning at a Surface Coal Mine A

2007-3-1  Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania ... Initially the furnace was blamed but after further review, blasting at a nearby coal mine was determined to be the source. All other sources of carbon monoxide were ruled out. The blasting was about 400 f eet from the house. ... factors that increase fume ...

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(PDF) Air pollutants emission estimation from mining ...

NERDDC (1988), Air Pollution from Surface Coal Mining: Volume 2 Emission Factors and Model Refinement, National Energy Research and Demonstration Council, Project 921. Air Pollution Engineering Manual

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8. Greenhouse Gas Emissions

2014-4-2  8-2 Carmichael Coal Mine and Rail Project: Mine Component Only 41/25215/437865 Volume 2 Section Greenhouse Gas Emissions Collection of data and estimation of potential emissions from key Project (Mine) activities during the construction and operation stages For a list of exclusions and assumptions used in the GHG assessment refer Volume 4 Appendix T

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Carbon emission assessment and control measures for

2020-9-26  Carbon emissions’ accounting boundaries. The primary task of life cycle analysis is to determine the scope of system boundaries. Starting from the whole life cycle of coal mining, this paper analyzes all activities related to greenhouse gas emissions and divides all emission activities into three categories according to emissions methods: energy consumption emissions, direct emissions, and ...

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On the CH4 N2O emission inventory EDGAR and the

2017-3-9  coal production data have been split into surface and underground mining based on various national reports. Emission factors for coal mining are based on average depths of coal production based on CIAB (1994), EURACOAL (2008), Kirchgessner et al. (1993) and include post mining emissions.

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Reducing Fuel Consumption of Haul Trucks in Surface

2020-10-13  2016 Coal Operators’ Conference The University of Wollongong 478 10 – 12 February 2016 consumption on costs and gas emissions in surface mining operations; however, the simulation used in their research did not include the pertinent factors affecting the fuel consumption.

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Literature Review of Coal Train Dust Management Practices

2017-5-23  Katestone Environmental Pty Ltd Ground Floor, 16 Marie Street, Milton, QLD. PO Box 2217, Milton, QLD. 4064, Australia ABN 92 097 270 276 Phone: +61 7 3369 3699

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